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Spectrumnews.org: Lab tests may pick up sensory sensitivity in autism

Spectrumnews.org: Lab tests may pick up sensory sensitivity in autism

Bad dub: A speech illusion can reveal a difficulty with matching sights and sounds.

A person’s ability to distinguish similar syllables by sight and sound correlates with how sensitive she is to sensory stimuli, according to unpublished results presented today at the 2017 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in Washington,

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Spectrumnews.org: Social hormones alter monkey behavior in sex-specific ways

Spectrumnews.org: Social hormones alter monkey behavior in sex-specific ways

Social squeeze: Oxytocin and vasopressin may affect the social behavior of males and females differently.

The hormones oxytocin and vasopressin promote social interactions in male monkeys but make female monkeys more aggressive than usual.

Researchers presented the unpublished findings today at the 2017 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in Washington,

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Spectrumnews.org: In autism, food quirks show up in social brain areas

Spectrumnews.org: In autism, food quirks show up in social brain areas

Fraught food: Many children with autism are picky eaters, though it’s unclear why.

Getty Images

Young adults with autism who have intense sensitivity to taste show increased activation in social areas of the brain when they taste something sweet or look at pictures of food.

The results suggest that taste sensitivity

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Spectrumnews.org: Billions of neuronal junctions make up new 'synaptome' map

Spectrumnews.org: Billions of neuronal junctions make up new 'synaptome' map

Mind the gap: Abnormalities in proteins at synapses are implicated in autism.

Science Picture Co / Science Source

Researchers have charted billions of synapses in the mouse brain and sorted them by type, according to unpublished findings presented today at the 2017 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in Washington, D.C.

They

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Spectrumnews.org: Technology from 'Harry Potter' movies brings brain into focus

Spectrumnews.org: Technology from 'Harry Potter' movies brings brain into focus

The same techniques that generate images of smoke, clouds and fantastic beasts in movies can render neurons and brain structures in fine-grained detail.

Two projects presented yesterday at the 2017 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in Washington, D.C., gave attendees a sampling of what these powerful technologies can do.

“These are

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Spectrumnews.org: Researchers advance models of maternal antibody link to autism

Spectrumnews.org: Researchers advance models of maternal antibody link to autism

Rodent roundup: Rat pups exposed to maternal antibodies in utero have the same social deficits and repetitive behaviors that mouse pups do.

ibreakstock / iStock

The antibodies in a pregnant woman’s body alter her child’s developing brain: That’s one popular theory for how autism might originate. But exactly how these antibodies

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Spectrumnews.org: Selective enzyme block reveals new treatment for fragile X

Spectrumnews.org: Selective enzyme block reveals new treatment for fragile X

Muted risk: A new compound minimizes fragile X mice’s sensitivity to loud sounds.

Mirko Sobotta / shutterstock

A new drug that selectively blocks one form of an enzyme called GSK-3 prevents seizures and improves cognitive deficits in a mouse model of fragile X syndrome.

Researchers presented the unpublished findings today at

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Spectrumnews.org: AI interprets marmosets' trills, chirps and peeps

Spectrumnews.org: AI interprets marmosets' trills, chirps and peeps

Big talkers: Marmosets’ vocabulary includes 10 to 15 calls, each with its own meaning.

Ryan Ladbrook / shutterstock

New artificial intelligence software can decode conversations between small monkeys called marmosets. Researchers reported the findings today at the 2017 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in Washington D.C.

Marmosets are social animals that

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Spectrumnews.org: Experimental Huntington's drug improves gait in Rett mice

Spectrumnews.org: Experimental Huntington's drug improves gait in Rett mice

First steps: A drug called pridopidine improves limb coordination and other motor skills in mouse models of Rett syndrome.

A candidate drug in clinical trials for Huntington’s disease reverses gait problems in a mouse model of Rett syndrome. The drug, called pridopidine, binds to a protein that is implicated in

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Spectrumnews.org: Maternal asthma alters immune cells in fetal brain

Spectrumnews.org: Maternal asthma alters immune cells in fetal brain

Cellular surveillance: Microglia (white), the brain’s resident immune cells, have been implicated in autism.

Juan Gaertner / shutterstock

Mouse pups exposed to an immune response in the womb show autism-like behaviors and altered gene expression in brain cells called microglia.

Researchers presented the findings today at the 2017 Society for Neuroscience

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Spectrumnews.org: Grouping people with autism masks variations in visual learning

Spectrumnews.org: Grouping people with autism masks variations in visual learning

Cartoon cues: Children with autism vary in how well they perform on a “SpongeBob SquarePants” game.

Paramount Pictures / courtesy Everett Collection

Some young children with autism excel on tests in which they must learn to connect visual cues. And yet learning ability varies greatly among children on the spectrum, such

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Spectrumnews.org: Magnetic stimulation bares imbalance of activity in fragile X brains

Spectrumnews.org: Magnetic stimulation bares imbalance of activity in fragile X brains

Firing frenzy: By magnetically stimulating the brain, researchers can measure the strength of signals that dampen or boost brain activity.

GARO / PHANIE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Researchers have used transcranial magnetic stimulation to show that people with fragile X syndrome have weak ‘inhibitory’ signals, those that dampen neuronal activity in the

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Spectrumnews.org: Chromosome 16 deletion miswires brain in people, mice

Spectrumnews.org: Chromosome 16 deletion miswires brain in people, mice

Missed signals: People missing a copy of 16p11.2 have weak connections (blue) between certain brain regions.

Mice and people missing a copy of a chromosomal region called 16p11.2 show similar patterns of weak brain connections.

The results suggest that the mice faithfully represent at least some features of people with

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