Sciencedaily.com

Sciencedaily.com: Key protein involved in the development of autism discovered

Sciencedaily.com: Key protein involved in the development of autism discovered

Most individuals with autism spectrum disorder cannot be distinguished by physical traits or by severe neurological symptoms. In fact, these cases can be identified only on the basis of certain behaviour, namely their obsessive focus on certain activities, and difficulties with social communications and interactions. Recent years have brought about

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Sciencedaily.com: Men and women show surprising differences in seeing motion

Sciencedaily.com: Men and women show surprising differences in seeing motion

Researchers reporting in the journal Current Biology on August 16 have found an unexpected difference between men and women. On average, their studies show, men pick up on visual motion significantly faster than women do.

Individuals representing both sexes are good at reporting whether black and white bars on a

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Sciencedaily.com: Students' social skills flourish best in groups with similar skill levels

Sciencedaily.com: Students' social skills flourish best in groups with similar skill levels

Research shows that the behavior of the people you most spend time with can affect your own behavior, for better or worse. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have found that children who need assistance improving their social skills might benefit more when grouped with peers who have similar

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Sciencedaily.com: Potential biomarker for autism in infancy

Sciencedaily.com: Potential biomarker for autism in infancy

A study of young children with autism spectrum disorder published in JNeurosci reveals altered brain waves compared to typically developing children during a motor control task. The non-invasive neuroimaging technique used in this study could be employed to detect autism symptoms as early as infancy.

People with autism show reduced

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Sciencedaily.com: Tdap vaccination for pregnant women does not increase risk of autism

Sciencedaily.com: Tdap vaccination for pregnant women does not increase risk of autism

A Kaiser Permanente study of more than 80,000 children born over a 4-year period showed that the prenatal Tdap vaccination (tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis) was not associated with increased risk of autism spectrum disorder in children. The study was published today in Pediatrics.

“Infants are at the highest risk of

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Sciencedaily.com: Targeting a brain mechanism could treat aggression

Sciencedaily.com: Targeting a brain mechanism could treat aggression

A number of psychiatric disorders present with aggression and violence, which, needless to say, are destructive to both individuals and societies worldwide: death, disease, disability, and numerous socioeconomic problems can often be traced back to aggressive behavior.

But despite being common, aggression has proven very difficult to treat. Some pharmacological

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Sciencedaily.com: Synapses of the reward system at stake in autistic disorders

Sciencedaily.com: Synapses of the reward system at stake in autistic disorders

Autism spectrum disorders are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders, one of the main characteristics of which is impaired social communication. But what happens in patients’ brains that disrupts their social skills? According to scientists from the Universities of Geneva (UNIGE) and Basel (UNIBAS), in Switzerland, whose work is published

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Sciencedaily.com: Specific brain circuit tied to sociability in mice

Sciencedaily.com: Specific brain circuit tied to sociability in mice

Social behavior in mouse models of autism spectrum disorder normalized when investigators triggered the release of a specific signaling substance, serotonin, in a single part of the animals’ brains, according to a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

“This points to a previously understudied brain mechanism that contributes

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Sciencedaily.com: Google Glass helps kids with autism read facial expressions, study finds

Sciencedaily.com: Google Glass helps kids with autism read facial expressions, study finds

Children with autism were able to improve their social skills by using a smartphone app paired with Google Glass to help them understand the emotions conveyed in people’s facial expressions, according to a pilot study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Prior to participating in the study,

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Sciencedaily.com: Women with polycystic ovary syndrome more likely to have a child with autism

Sciencedaily.com: Women with polycystic ovary syndrome more likely to have a child with autism

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are more likely than other women to have an autistic child, according to an analysis of NHS data carried out by a team at Cambridge University’s Autism Research Centre. The research is published today in the journal Translational Psychiatry.

PCOS affects about one in

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Sciencedaily.com: Map of a billion brain links reveals clues about how we think

Sciencedaily.com: Map of a billion brain links reveals clues about how we think

Scientists have created an elaborate map of more than a billion brain cell connections, helping to shed light on how memories are formed and recalled.

Their complex series of images are the first to illustrate how these vital connections are organised and could impact on our fundamental understanding of the

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Sciencedaily.com: Zebrafish interactions offer help in studying social behavior disorders

Sciencedaily.com: Zebrafish interactions offer help in studying social behavior disorders

University of Oregon scientists have identified brain cells vital to how zebrafish socialize. When the neurons are disabled, their orientation to one another breaks down in ways similar to socialization problems seen in humans with autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia.

The neurons, which have equivalent genes in mice and in

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Sciencedaily.com: Autism risk determined by health of mom's gut

Sciencedaily.com: Autism risk determined by health of mom's gut

The risk of developing autism-spectrum disorders is determined by the mother’s microbiome — the collection of microorganisms that naturally live inside us — during pregnancy, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests. The work raises the possibility that preventing forms of autism could be as simple

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Sciencedaily.com: Protein found to be key component in irregularly excited brain cells

Sciencedaily.com: Protein found to be key component in irregularly excited brain cells

In a new study in mice, researchers have identified a key protein involved in the irregular brain cell activity seen in autism spectrum disorders and epilepsy. The protein, p53, is well-known in cancer biology as a tumor suppressor.

The findings, reported in the journal Human Molecular Genetics, will open new

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Sciencedaily.com: Key social reward circuit in the brain impaired in kids with autism

Sciencedaily.com: Key social reward circuit in the brain impaired in kids with autism

Children with autism have structural and functional abnormalities in the brain circuit that normally makes social interaction feel rewarding, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

The study, which will be published July 17 in Brain, documented deficits in children with autism in a crucial

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Sciencedaily.com: Plastic chemical linked to smaller prefrontal cortex, reduced cognitive ability in rats

Sciencedaily.com: Plastic chemical linked to smaller prefrontal cortex, reduced cognitive ability in rats

Society for Neuroscience. “Plastic chemical linked to smaller prefrontal cortex, reduced cognitive ability in rats: Findings demonstrate long-term influence of endocrine-disrupting compounds on brain development.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 July 2018. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/07/180716130738.htm>.

Society for Neuroscience. (2018, July 16). Plastic chemical linked to smaller prefrontal cortex, reduced cognitive ability in rats: Findings

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